种子保存作为你的农场计划的一部分

by Angie Lavezzo, CFSA沟通协调员 |星期三,9月. 29, 2021 –

一个切开的kabocha南瓜的特写

众所周知,东南地区的种植者, unique challenges are present here that are not in other parts of the country. We tend to have more bug pressure than other regions. Our rainfall is increasingly unpredictable, waffling between drought and monsoon. The fungal issues brought on by our humidity levels are a special kind of frustration.

Maybe these are good reasons not to bother with the extra step of saving seeds on our farms. 尽管如此, I passionately make the case that these environmental factors we are always learning from are precisely why we should be saving our seeds. Sure, it’s one more thing to add to the long list of tasks to be planned and managed. 只是在收获日历上增加了一些东西, 这工作很容易做, 令人愉快的, 可以省钱,甚至可以赚钱吗, 帮助农业收入多样化.

Grower Rodger Winn has gathered mustard seed to clean.

Grower Rodger Winn has gathered mustard seed to clean.

 

将种子移植到东南部

Saving seeds from healthy and thriving plants on our farms means we are selecting crop traits that will become increasingly adapted to high humidity, 来自喜欢热的虫子的压力, 和不可靠的水分. These are benefits that purchased seed cannot provide. Even local seed companies cannot grow all their seeds themselves. Saving from high-loss or high-spray crops like squash, 西红柿, 茄子, 和罗勒, 等, 能成为你农场计划中可行的下一步吗.

The majority of seed crops are grown outside of the Southeast region, which also means a remarkably high loss of diversity. This offers fewer opportunities for finding cultivars that will do well in our bioregion or show resilience to climate change. 克里斯·史密斯,执行董事 乌托邦种子计划, says “we’re exploring varietal diversity in traditional Southern crops to see and showcase the genetics that already exist, but then we’re also making selections and saving seeds for the varieties that will do best in our region, especially as the climate warms and weather events because more extreme.”

用筛子把种子从糠秕中筛掉Here, Rodger used a screen to clean seed from the chaff.

 

多样化的农业收入

Growing seeds to sell can be a rewarding way to diversify your farm income. 爱尔兰共和军的华莱士 南方种子交易所 suggests that seed crops can be an easy addition if you make them part of your crop plan. “一些作物也可以双浸, the farmer can harvest for market and leave about 25% of the flowers or fruits to go to seed maturity, 然后你得到两倍的报酬,艾拉说. Flower and herbs are excellent examples of double-dipping and continually harvested crops like 西红柿, 辣椒, 黄瓜, 和西葫芦. 在某些情况下, 比如葱和大蒜, a grower can make more money selling their harvest as seed bulbs than they would at the market to eat.

Mustard seed in a large bowl, largely free of chaff

Seeds are easy to clean but often take a few trips through the screens to be free of chaff.

 

省钱

即使种种子卖不是你的菜, 你还是可以通过攒种子来省钱. 这也很容易. “如果你是一个农民, 攒种子可以省钱, help you adapt your crops to your farm and environment, 并保存独特品种的种子. There are many free resources to help you learn how to save seed, including 这是种子保存的一般指南,这些很多 作物专用种子保存指南, 这些出版物 with tips for growing seed in the Southeast” notes 贾里德 Zystro, 有机种子联盟研究及教育事务助理署长.

无糠的芥菜籽放入大碗中

Here, Rodger has many pounds of cleaned seed ready to sell to seed companies.

 

了解更多?

11月参加东南种子集约化种植. 15, 2021! 作为 2021年可持续农业会议, CFSA will host Southeast Seed Growing, an all-day 密集的 11月. 在北卡罗来纳州阿什维尔的弗兰尼农场. 集训会由艾拉领导, 克里斯, 贾里德, 以及有机罗兰公司的杰森·罗兰, 和加布里埃尔·卡特, 高草食品盒的创始人. 这个讲习班将介绍种子保存的基本知识, 包括飞船的技术, 实用, 和经济方面. The speakers will also talk about the importance of 种子保存 as cultural preservation.

李·巴恩斯, 一生的种子储蓄者, 俏皮话, “I’m very concerned with what happens when a seed source dies. 这是无法复制的文化历史.”

“现在注册”按钮


2021年可持续农业大会标志自1986年以来,CFSA的年度 可持续农业会议 吸引了农民, 美食家, 研究人员, 教育工作者, activists for a celebration of innovation in local sustainable agriculture.

In 2021, the ten-day conference will be in two formats: virtual and on-farm 密集的s. All virtual workshops will be a blend of formal presentations, panels, discussions, Q&还有来自卡罗来纳和其他州的演讲者.

Whether it’s curiosity about this seed growing 密集的, what other exciting workshops you can count on watching, 或者今天如何注册, 欲知详情请浏览 bwin体育必赢的会议网站!

 

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